Congratulating PM Modi on SurgicalStrikeonBlackMoney

Congratulating PM Modi on #SurgicalStrikeonBlackMoney  

new-notes

Common Indians stunned, a little bit shocked – cautious – and then after understanding the whole issue of the #CurrencyNotes , rejoiced knowing that what it aimed at. They knew that Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s arrow has aimed at many targets.

Politicians and people’s representative from all political parties, builder lobby, government babus and all corrupt elements in the society cannot open their mouth now. Even the Congress Party, which dared PM Modi yesterday night, has today meowed in the next morning on the #SurgicalStrikeonBlackMoney  by PM Modi. The decision of demonetization of the currency notes of Rs500 and Rs1000 is not a mere political or typical economy related decision. The vigour shown by Modi to implement and execute this decision has a greater value of national security and national financial ethics attached with that. It has the power to streamline black market, corruption, loony financial habits of Indians, deeply rooted “Chalta Hai” (who cares) approach and more than that the breaking of Pakistan’s fake note disaster harming the Indian Economy.

The government says that the Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN) are being used for subversive activities such as espionage, smuggling of arms, drugs and other contrabands into India. This fake currency has always a link of financing of terrorism and drug trafficking. Use of high denomination notes for storage of unaccounted wealth has been evident from cash recoveries made by law enforcement agencies from time to time.

For a common person, it becomes an issue of discomfort and humiliation when someone stares at him and the Rs500 note with a suspicion. The fake notes look similar to genuine notes. High denomination notes are known to facilitate generation of black money.

The demonetization of the Currency notes of Rs500 and Rs1000 has also a background of this observation.

While the total number of bank notes in circulation rose by 40% between 2011 and 2016, the increase in the number of notes of Rs.500/- denomination was 76% and for Rs.1,000/- denomination was 109% during this period. New Series bank notes of Rs.500/- and Rs.2,000/- denominations will be introduced for circulation from 10th November 2016. Infusion of Rs.2,000/- bank notes will be monitored and regulated by RBI. The introduction of new series of banknotes which will be distinctly different from the current ones in terms of look, design, size and colour has been planned.

The World Bank in July 2010 estimated the size of the shadow economy for India at 20.7% of the GDP in 1999 and rising to 23.2% in 2007. There are similar estimates made by other Indian and international agencies. A parallel shadow economy corrodes and eats into the vitals of the country’s economy. It generates inflation which adversely affects the poor and the middle classes more than others. It deprives Government of its legitimate revenues which could have been otherwise used for welfare and development activities.

The #SurgicalStrikeonBlackMoney will eliminate Black Money which casts a long shadow of the parallel economy on our real economy.

In the last two years, the Government has taken a number of steps to curb the menace of black money in the economy. The first decision that the Modi government took after gaining power was to set up of a Special Investigation Team (SIT) on Black Money.

The Government enacted a law regarding undisclosed foreign income and assets. The Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement between India and Mauritius and India and Cyprus was amended.

Government improvised an understanding with Switzerland for getting information on Bank accounts held by Indians with HSBC; encouraging the use of non-cash and digital payments. Recently the Benami Transactions Act and implemented the Income Declaration Scheme 2016.

 

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A reply to Dr. Zakir Naik — MARIA WIRTH

Hindus generally don’t criticise other religions in spite of the fact that Christianity and Islam not only criticise, but demean Hinduism badly. Zakir Naik is only one example. Do Hindus know what is preached in the innumerable churches and mosques across India? I know for sure that Hindu gods are called devils by Christian missionaries. […]

via A reply to Dr. Zakir Naik — MARIA WIRTH

NITI AAYOG: From a mimic of Soviet command economy to “Bharatiya approach” of development

Modi government’s announcement of a new body to replace an irrelevant and outdated Planning Commission caused a huge fuss amongst Congress party and its ideological patron Communists. These political outcries gain no support from the populace of India, who is looking forward towards a new era of proud and bright Indian nationhood. India now wants to craft an India which is self reliant and sovereign with hundred percent Indian-ness in it.

The concept and structure of new NITI Aayog aims towards the dreams each Indian saw before the independence from Britishers.

The story of transforming from a mimic of Soviet command economy to true “Bharatiya approach” for development began on 15 August 2014, when on India’s 68th Independence Day, the new energised and passionate Prime Minister Narendra Modi expressed his vision of development of modern India. Narendra Modi, who became Prime Minister with a thumping mandate, spoke about many issues no one thought or sought about.

From Red fort, in his first speech Prime Minister Narendra Modi talked about dignity for work, issue of killing of female foetus, he asked parents to ask their sons where they have been going, who they have been meeting. Prime Minister spoke about Indian manufacturing with zero defects. He called people of the world to come and make in India. He spoke about skills and talent in Indians and he also told the globe about India, a nation of youths. Modi told the nation that he is not a “Pradhan Mantri”, but will act as “Pradhan Sevak”. Modi also launched salvo about hygienic habits of Indians and vowed to build toilets for girls. The Prime Minister urged each Parliamentarian to adopt a village.

Main announcement which raised many eyebrows was about scrapping of Planning Commission. Modi said, “Times have changed since the Planning Commission was created, a new institution would be set up “in a short span of time”.

“Modi announced plans to replace the Planning Commission, a lingering vestige of India’s early attempt to mimic the Soviet command economy, with a modern institution to reflect a shift to a market-based economy where the states were the main drivers of growth rather than a central body”, Reuters commented phrasing it as an idea to replace Soviet-style planning.

Planning Commission: One time relevant, currently stagnated

Underlining a certain role of Planning Commission in India’s development in initial days after 1947, Modi said that when Planning Commission was constituted, it was done on the basis of the circumstances and the needs of those times. He said, Planning Commission has contributed to the growth of the country in its own way.

One time a Chief Minister of Gujarat, Modi said that prevalent situation in the country is different and the global scenario has also changed. In this varied situation, governments are no longer the centre of economic activities and the scope of such activities has broadened. Being a Prime Minister, Modi said that the State governments have been at the centre of development and he considers it as a good indication. “If we have to take India forward, it can happen only by taking the states forward, said Modi.

Modi took India’s federal structure on a new high
In the true spirit of de-centralization and devolution of power, Modi proposed a team of Chief Ministers and Prime minister which will jointly think and act for the progress of any state keeping aside partisan biases aside.

Following up on his Independence Day announcement from Red Fort, the Prime minister invited all Chief Minister to have a brainstorming session to replace the Planning Commission in New Delhi on 8 December. The concept was more power and planning initiative should be devolved to states. Predictably, the Congress strongly opposed disassembling of the existing body established by Jawaharlal Nehru.

Modi pushed for an effective structure, which strengthens “co-operative federalism” and the concept of ‘Team India’, citing former Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh, saying he too had said on April 30 this year that the current structure has “no futuristic vision in the post-reform period”.

Former Planning Commission member Bimal Jalan welcomed Modi’s decision saying that planning has become outdated concept now and there is a need to modernise it. We have to see the blueprint of the new concept. But change was very much required.

Industry chamber CII too welcomed the decision and said, “We would be happy to work closely with Government to offer ideas on the outline of a new development and implementation institution.”

Describing the Commission a “hangover from the Soviet era” former Cabinet Minister Subramaniam Swamy tweeted, “in 1972, I wrote that Planning Commission needs to be restructured as a Finance Commission.”

Except West Bengal, Mizoram and poll-bound Jammu and Kashmir and Jharkhand, chief ministers from all other states attended the meeting. At the meeting, Congress-ruled states supported the idea of revamping the Planning Commission set up by Jawaharlal Nehru in 1950, but didn’t want its scrapping as they felt it can be “evolved”. NDA states and those ruled by parties like AIADMK and TRS wanted immediate disbanding of the Planning Commission.

What was Planning Commission?

The Planning commission was constituted by a Resolution of the Government of India in March 1950 in pursuance of declared objectives of the Government to promote a rapid rise in the standard of living of the people by efficient exploitation of the resources of the country, increasing production and offering opportunities to all for employment in the service of the community.

Planning Commission was the brainchild of India’s first PM Jawaharlal Nehru who was greatly influenced and obsessed with the progress of Soviet Union. It was an Indian manifestation of communist ruled nations’ policy to curb decentralisation and keep entire powers of planning and executing in central hands.

The Planning Commission was charged with the responsibility of making assessment of all resources of the country, augmenting deficient resources, formulating plans for the most effective and balanced utilisation of resources and determining priorities. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Chairman of the Planning Commission.

Article in Daily Digest on Planning Commission website says: Like in the Soviet Union, it would draw up a Five-year plan to execute and implement grandiose projects in the country. It was the apex body of central planning in a country as large as India. It was also part of the larger socialistic controls on the economy that was best explained by the late Rajaji’s description of it: Licence-Permit-Quota Raj.

Another Daily Digest article comments that the Commission which was always considered as a relic of the Soviet-style planning process was essentially a top-down exercise that did not adequately take into account regional aspirations and requirements.

In this centralise planning “circus”, the States often had to approach the Commission, “hat in hand”, for grants as well as Plan and non-Plan fund allocations. As a former Chief Minister, Modi must have found this very humiliating.
Modi with Montek

It adds, “The Commission has also come in for some flak for its flip-flop on poverty estimates, setting up one committee after another, never quite coming to grips with a proper methodology. In addition, as an institution, it no longer provided the intellectual heft of its initial years, such as the rigorous theoretical frameworks that guided its initial Five Year Plans. Consequently, it became easy picking for the political class.”What the NITI Aayog is all about

After extensive consultation across the spectrum of stakeholders including inter alia state governments, domain experts and relevant institutions the new body National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog is primarily based on an formula to evolve a shared vision of national development priorities, sectors and strategies with the active involvement of States in the light of national objectives. The vision of the NITI Aayog will then provide a framework ‘national agenda’ for the Prime Minister and the Chief Ministers to provide impetus to.

The NITI Aayog will work to foster cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the States on a continuous basis, recognizing that strong States make a strong nation. Similarly mechanisms will be developed to formulate credible plans at the village level and aggregate these progressively at higher levels of government.

NITI will ensure the interests of national security are incorporated in economic strategy and policy.
It will pay special attention to the sections of our society that may be at risk of not benefitting adequately from economic progress.

Other objectives of NITI Aayog are:
• To design strategic and long term policy and programme frameworks and initiatives, and monitor their progress and their efficacy.
• The lessons learnt through monitoring and feedback will be used for making innovative improvements, including necessary mid-course corrections.
• To provide advice and encourage partnerships between key stakeholders and national and international like-minded Think Tanks, as well as educational and policy research institutions.
• To create a knowledge, innovation and entrepreneurial support system through a collaborative community of national and international experts, practitioners and other partners.
• To offer a platform for resolution of inter-sectoral and inter-departmental issues in order to accelerate the implementation of the development agenda.
• To maintain a state-of-the-art Resource Centre, be a repository of research on good governance and best practices in sustainable and equitable development as well as help their dissemination to stake-holders.
• To actively monitor and evaluate the implementation of programmes and initiatives, including the identification of the needed resources so as to strengthen the probability of success and scope of delivery.
• To focus on technology up gradation and capacity building for implementation of programmes and initiatives.
• To undertake other activities as may be necessary in order to further the execution of the national development agenda, and the objectives mentioned above.

What is “Bharatiya approach” to development?
The NITI entrusts in concept of responsible development which implies environmentally sound development. It considers small businesses, which are a major source of employment creation. NITI envisages that villages (Gram) should continue to be the bedrock of our ethos, culture and sustenance.

They need to be fully integrated institutionally into the development process
It is believed that every individual is the right to enjoy the fruits of development and poverty elimination should be measured as one of the success criteria of the nation.

It considers India’s traditional strength in agriculture and the marching towards the concept of global village. NITI Aayog sees transparency as an essential condition for good governance, which is a fundament of its practicality.

NITI Aayog thinks that India’s demographic dividend has to be leveraged fruitfully over the next few decades. It also focuses the potential of our youth, men and women which should be realized through education, skill development, elimination of gender bias, and employment.

A “Bharatiya approach to development” integrated in the cabinet resolution envisages the institution which must adhere to the principle that while incorporating positive influences from the world, no single model can be transplanted from outside into the Indian scenario. We need to find our own strategy for growth.

The new institution has to zero in on what will work in and for India.

In short, the NITI Aayog carries the spirit of integrated development approach and sheds the phony practices of encroaching the space of decision making and planning according to the demographic needs and issues. It will be interesting to see who wins… the Soviet imported and imposed ideas or the genuine “Indian that is Bharatiya concept of Inclusive Development” model.

Of Rahul, by Rahul and for Rahul; Story of Congress’ disastrous campaign – Part I

By Milind Arolkar
New Delhi, May 2: The election campaign of the Congress party is Rahul all the way. It is Of Rahul, By Rahul and For Rahul; but the irony is it lacked the essence “Aam Adami” in whose name the UPA has assumed power. The story of Congress’ poll campaign is thus “Off People Buy People and Far away from People.”

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Openly daring the Congress party, BJP’s Prime Ministerial candidate Narendra Modi on 30 April, told the nation: “Maa Bete ki Sarkar gayi and” (The government of Mother and Son has gone; the current voting is being casted for hope and actually Laid the foundation to bring a new and dynamic Government!). This election is a “Poll for Hope” for the entire nation but in Congress the election is being fought for the “hope of the Gandhi family.”

The fractured Congress party, whose bigwigs like Manish Tewari, P Chidambaram and many more refused to contest the polls, has already lost the battle before it began. Important thing was the Congress party was never seen in 2014 Lok Sabha Polls to win the election; it is focused only in maintaining the seats of Sonia and Rahul Gandhi. The dynastic party is also in a wake to demonstrate and establish the leadership of Rahul Gandhi after Sonia’s rule over the dynastic party. Pathetic enough, the election campaign has seen the washed out effect of Rahul Gandhi’s much hyped leadership skills and the clueless and despondent Congressmen who have no option to witness the unprecedented fallout of the Congress party which was being seen as unsinkable.

AICC Meet: Mother shielded Political future of her Son
Congress party particularly Mother Sonia shielded son Rahul from a projected direct fight with Narendra Modi. The AICC meet in January 2014 actually shocked the nation when the people saw a hesitation from the Party to declare Rahul Gandhi as its Prime Ministerial candidate who already was heading the party’s election coordination committee for Lok Sabha polls. The time was that the Congress party was at one of the most important defining moment in its history and the Congress party was gearing up for the generational shift from Sonia to Rahul. The Congress party was expecting for a ‘face’ to face the Lok Sabha battle which was till then made unchallengeableby the Bharatiya janata Party and the blitzkrieg of the first round of Narendra Modi’s fiery speeches.

The Congress Party and its Supremo (Auto Correct suggests – SuperMom!) Sonia Gandhi disseminated her affection towards her Son than the party she leads. Congress never appeared to be excited about the idea to pit Rahul directly against BJP’s prime ministerial candidate Narendra Modi.

Rahul also expressed his willingness to take on any responsibility that the party entrusts him with saying that: “I am a soldier of Congress. I will obey whatever order is given to me.” On the second day when some enthusiastically chanted his name for Prime Ministerial candidate of Congress party, Sonia Gandhi began her speech by making the Rahul pitchers disappointed by saying that the decision taken by CWC is final and Rahul Gandhi will be poll panel head and not be announced as Party’s PM candidate.
This was the first time before the big polls when the devoted Congressmen felt betrayed.

Congress’ ‘Gandhi’ campaign
Even if the Congress party did not dared to announce Rahul’s candidature, the campaign began and failed with Rahul Gandhi’s face value as a ‘Gandhi’ and branding as a ‘Commoner’. The poll campaign of the Congress was never in a mood to cash both UPA’s achievements (?) but started with the Communal and secular. Congress talked about MGNREGA raised rural wages, Food Security Bill, Right to Information, Women Reservation Bill and Rajiv Gandhi.

Congress’s first salvo of ‘Secular” Bharat Nirman advertisement conveying Muslims that: “Bharat Ke Nirman Mai Hai Haq Mera” (I have right on developed India) was nullified by Narendra Modi mocking it by saying People saying ‘Bharat Nirman Shaq Hai Mera.’ Secular Javed Akhtar had conceptualized this theme for the ‘secular’ Congress party

After this lost attempt, Congress suddenly published Rahul Gandhi’s ‘Aam Adami’ images saying that “Congress Ka sath Aam Adami Ke Saath” (Congress’s hand with Common man) And “Rahul ji ke nau hathiyar, door karenge bhrashtachar (The nine weapons of Rahul will remove corruption).

From here the Congress party favored hype of Rahul Gandhi’s persona and talk of ‘Secularism” as its poll campaign master tools.

Rahul Gandhi caused Congress than Modi
When recently Daljit Singh, half brother of Prime Minister Dr. Manmohan Singh, joined the BJP, a imaginative dialogue was being circulated. Priyanka Vadra-Gandhi to Manmohan: Your brother is helping BJP to win. Manmohan : What about your brother? Jokes apart but Rahul Gandhi’s compelled over exposure to the ‘Janata’ caused the Congress party more than Modi.

Congress party or to be precise, Sonia Gandhi never exposed her son to the open public platform. All his interactions were safely planned. In fact Rahul’s attendance rate too is poor – 42.61 per cent. Rahul did not ask even a single question in Lok Sabha during his five years in Parliament. Totally failed as a Member of Parliament, Rahul Gandhi is at number five among the bottom 10 underperformers and is ranked 355 among MPs of all parties. But with the special courtesy of Meira Kumar, then Speaker of Lok Sabha, Rahul Gandhi make an out-of- turn speech on Lokpal on 26 August 2011, without a notice. His sister Priyanka specially attended gallery to watch her brother ‘speaking’. This ‘guest appearance’ was slammed by Leader of Opposition Sushma Swaraj calling it as a”lecture” to the Lok Sabha and even questioned the Speaker for relaxing convention for Rahul Gandhi, saying “Zero Hour is intended for debates, not for lectures to the nation.”

On 28 September last year Rahul Gandhi barged into a press conference of Congress’ own media and communications head Ajay Maken. Maken was justifying Government’s decision that negated a Supreme Court’s order that ruled convicted lawmakers can’t continue in office. Rahul’s dramatically entered into that PC and told reporters that the ordinance was complete nonsense and Therefore, it should be “torn up and thrown out”. Gandhi, however, did not take any questions from journalists who asked if he wasn’t undermining Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and left as quickly as he had come in. The shocked Maken took a U turn and told media that Rahul Gandhi’s was the official position and Congress opposes the ordinance. Many such incidences left the Congress leaders biting their nails about Rahul’s such eccentric behaviors.

In 2014, when Narendra Modi’s rallies pleasantly shocked the BJP with tremendous response, Rahul Gandhi’s rallies traumatized Congress leaders for exactly inverse reason. Modi was being cheered by a sea of people in each rally and for Rahul’s rallies, Congress leaders were begging people to stay till Rahul arrives. Fluttered by this new scene, Congress leaders and their New ‘General’ started using harsh and personal attacks on Modi.

Congress campaign touched a low when Rahul Gandhi’s interview on Times Now was released. Tweeples used Rahul’s interview as an opportunity to exhibit their literary skills. Cracking jokes about the repeated use of ‘fundamental’, ‘RTI’, ‘women’s empowerment’ by Gandhi, many slammed Rahul Gandhi for evading ‘specific question’. This interview which was hooted on social media evaporated the wobbling campaign of Congress.

‘NO’ HRCs means ‘No’ Human Rights to Citizen

The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 defines -“Human rights” means the rights relating to life, liberty, equality and dignity of the individual guaranteed by the Constitution or embodied in the International Covenants and enforceable by courts in India”. This act is enacted by Indian Parliament in the year 1994. Yet the current status of State Human Rights commissions (HRCs) in India is not totally promising. The State HRCs can be portrayed as- Some States have it, some not; some are partially managing.

The India story of the Human Rights Commissions in states is a pitiful state of affairs. As per the National Human Rights Commission data, out of 28 Indian States, five states have not constituted State Human rights commissions. Notably all those States are the North Eastern states.

Tripura, Nagaland, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya have not responded to the National Human Rights Commission’s call to constitute HRC for various reasons. Amongst North East states, only Assam and Manipur have set up their human rights commissions to address human rights violations.

As per the “Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993”, the SHRC falls directly under the CMO of any State. Its chairperson and other members are selected on the recommendations made by the CM, state home minister, speaker of the state assembly and the opposition leader. But the Governments of Maharashtra, Manipur and Himachal Pradesh have defunct SHRCs.

Defunct Human Rights Commissions
The second largest population state Maharashtra’s Human Rights Commission has been defunct for almost 14 months. In February 2012 Justice V G Munshi, a Member of MSHRC retired. Since then there is no one to look after more than 11000 cases (and increasing day by day) which are pending in the SHRC of Maharashtra. The State government’s lethargy and reluctance to appoint the Chairperson and Members is the main cause behind this. Even the Opposition parties are seeming to be ignorant about the fact. Overall a collective ignorance is visible in the Progressive State of Maharashtra.

The Office of Chairperson and Members of the Manipur Human Rights Commission are vacant after May 2010. Interestingly the Chairman of the right panel Justice (retired) WA Shishak has not been paid his salaries by the State Government since he assumed office on September 3, 2003. Justice Shishak declined the offer of the post of Chairman of Madhya Pradesh Human Rights Commission as he had only wanted to work for his home State. Unfortunately till now, appointment had been done to fill the posts of Manipur HRC Chairman or member.

In November 2006, the Himachal Pradesh Human Rights Commission, which did not have a chairman since July 2005, completely became a defunct body, when its two members resigned. Current data published by the NHRC shows that the Himachal Pradesh HRC is a defunct body in 2013 also.

HRCs without Captains
The NHRC data also show that apart from Maharashtra, Manipur and Himachal Pradesh who have inoperative HRCs, the State HRCs of Jammu and Kashmir, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Tamil Nadu are leaderless. That means those HRCs have no Chairman appointed. This can be called as expose of the lack of sincerity on the part of respective Governments.

ImageThe Human Rights act provides a voice and right to appeal against the Human rights violations in cases of people facing Injustice made by the Administration, AIDS victims, Children, sufferings of common Citizens, Disabled People, Environment and pollution issues, bad Governance, Health related issues, problems of Indigenous People, plight of the Labours, Migrants, Minorities, Prisoners/ Under trials/ Inmates, Refugees, Senior Citizens, Weaker Section, Women, Youth. The people who come under those eighteen types can get relief in 123 types of violations.

That’s why; the States which have defunct HRCs or leaderless HRCs should be accused of violating the Human Rights of its citizen. This is only delaying the justice but it is also denying the justice and human rights of the Citizens.

This very apathy by the State Governments about un-expressed Human Rights violations of their citizen is actually denying the right to raise the voice of the oppressed and sufferer class in its society.
Unfortunately, the National Human Rights Commission also seems in a mood to let the state situation go as it is.

Misuse of the term ‘Human Rights’ in India

Unfortunately the term ‘Human Rights’ has become a trump card to protect the radical terrorists who have waged a war against India and the elements like Maoists who discard the Indian constitution. The cases appearing before the Human Rights Commissions are ninety percent against the Police machinery who is actually the protector of the Human Rights of the common man. It is observed that many times the very term is used to pressurize the Police machinery and negate the Security forces.

Using the name of the Human Rights, a systematic campaign has been run to create suspicion about literally all counter terrorist operations. Organized efforts are being made to showcase each police encounter against terrorists as a ‘fake’ encounter.

Posing as Human Rights activists several elements are victimizing and blackmailing Police machinery. The separatists are continuously projecting Security agencies in sensitive areas like Jammu and Kashmir and the North East.

HR Activism under scrutiny
Many NGOs and Social activists have got exposed for their divisive plans. In India, Human Rights activists and NGOs came to surface at all occasions when the security forces have convicted anyone for anti-national activity. India was shocked to see Human Rights activists raised their voices to cancel death penalty of 2001 Parliament attack accused Afzal Guru and also created Suspicion about India’s judicial process.

On the other side, the many activists, who have made their career by supporting terrorists as ‘Human Rights crusaders’ and projected themselves as ‘messiah’ of some specific sect, are fighting to grab their lost credibility in society. Many so called Rights activists are facing the wrath of common man for their dubious foreign fund use for anti-India activities and placing lies to prove their claims.
Situation demands

The Governments are reluctant about Human rights and the anti social elements are misusing the term, both are discouraging the common man from knocking the doors of the human rights in any case of violation. It is a need of the hour that the NHRC, the Central and State Governments should pay substantial attention towards Human Rights machinery and Human rights condition in India.

 

Data based on

http://nhrc.nic.in/shrc.htm

http://nhrc.nic.in/humanrights_issues.htm

http://en.newsbharati.com/Encyc/2012/12/22/Concerns-for-Human-Rights-or-anti-India-motives-.aspx

Now Govt to trace for origin of Mighty Vedic Saraswati river

Saraswati copy 111By Milind Arolkar

New Delhi, August 1: Denouncing any references in Indian mythology under the pressure of Communist ideologues for years, the Government now seems to realize that the Hindu mythology is actually a factual documentation of a well-cultured human civilization.

Answering in reply to a question in the Lok Sabha, The Minister of State V. Narayanasamy told the Indian lawmakers that the Indian government has made efforts to trace the origin of the Vedic Saraswati river and has also constituted a committee for this purpose. The Minister even told that the Indian Space Research Organization [ISRO] has studied the palaeochannels in North West India and related them to the channels of River Saraswati. ISRO has not constituted any committee for this purpose, said the Minister.

Narayansamy told the House in March that an integrated palaeochannel map of River Saraswati has been prepared from the origin in Himalayas to Rann of Kutchch. The origin of the mapped course of the River Saraswati palaeochannel in North West India was linked to Himalayan perennial source through Sutlej and Yamuna Rivers.

He further said that the work on delineation of the entire course of river ‘Saraswati’ in North West India was carried out using Indian Remote Sensing Satellite data along with digital elevation model. Satellite images are multi-spectral, multi-temporal and have the advantages of synoptic view, which are useful to detect palaeochannels. The palaeochannels are validated using historical maps, archaeological sites, hydro-geological and drilling data. It was observed that major Harappan sites of Kalibangan [Rajasthan], Banawali and Rakhigarhi [Haryana], Dholavira and Lothal [Gujarat] lie along the River Saraswati.

Existence of the mightiest Saraswati river

The Saraswati civilization is evidenced by over 2,000 archaeological sites out of a total of 2,600 sites of the so-called Indus Valley Civilization, making it appropriate to call it Saraswati Civilization.

The geological and glaciological evidences say that a stream of Sarasvati was supposed to have originated in Bandapunch located in current Uttarakhand. Descending through Adibadri, Bhavanipur and Balchapur in the foothills to the plains, the river took roughly a southwesterly course, passing through the plains of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and finally marching out into the Arabian Sea at Prabhas Pattan covering the Great Rann of Kuchchh.

Geologists say that at one time it had at least 3 tributaries, Shatadru originating from Mt Kailas, Drishadvati from Shiwalik Hills and the old Yamuna. They flowed together along a channel, presently known as Ghaggar in Punjab, Hakra and Nara. Research reports by geologists have revealed that the drainage systems/ paleochannels of this area came into existence more than 8000 years back as is indicated by the age of waters trapped beneath the desert in Jaisalmer of west Rajasthan.

Then descending through Adibadri, Bhavanipur and Balchapur in the foothills to the plains, the river took roughly a southwesterly course, passing through the plains of Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan, Gujarat and finally it is believed to have marched out into the ancient Arabian Sea at the Great Rann of Kutch near Prabhas Pattan.

ISRO imagery

Such huge database prompted the Indian Space Research Organization to locate the stream of the Saraswati river. In its publication “Indian Remote Sensing Satellite Series and Applications: A Saga of 25 years” ISRO says – “Remote Sensing data in association with GIS has also provided a non-destructive technique in recognizing historical settlements or archaeological sites. Locating and identifying the ancient site of Dwaraka, settlement sites along the Saraswati river basin using IRS data have been studied in detail [Thakker, 2001].”

Expeditions and efforts to revive the ‘lost’ river

On 19 November 1985, when the “Akhil Bharatiya Itihas Sankalan Samiti” initiated the ‘Vedic Saraswati River Search Expedition”, some eyebrows raised against it. But the revelations about Saraswati river placed with the scientific facts stunned the suspicious minds. The success of this expedition was for the first time ever cleared the confusion in Indian minds about its roots and knowledge centric civilization of thousand years.

In 1985, a rigorous and minute survey expedition exercised by the eminent historian Dr. Vishnu S. Wakankar and senior RSS pracharak late Moropant Pingale, came out with some splendid facts and Findings.

The ‘Vedic Saraswati River Search Expedition’ stated that the Vedic Saraswati river rises in the Himalayas and appears in the 6 to 8 km wide horizontal plateau of ‘Aadibadri’. Approximately 10 thousand years ago the mainstream of the Saraswati river was disrupted because of the lift of the Himalayas due to some tectonic activities. Saraswat region was populous region and the Saraswati valley was known for agriculture and pre – Hadappa settlements existed there. Primeval human ‘Ramapithikas’ was born in the Shivalik ranges in Saraswat valley. The renowned Mahabharata war fought on the banks of Saraswati. Gradually the flow of the river Saraswati started drying and the flow got disappeared. The Vedic society flourished on the banks of Saraswati but spread throughout the world after its extinction.

A wide network of scholars has proven the authenticity of the ancient Saraswati river. The satellite images of ancient water streams, geological surveys and ground – surveys of water have demonstrated the extinct streams to confirm the authenticity of the mighty Vedic river.

BARC unearth the underground Saraswati

In 1997, the nuclear scientists of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre [BARC] interpreted Landsat-imagery of the western part of Rajasthan which revealed buried courses of the river running between the two ends of north-east to south-west. This was stated in the January 1997 issue of “Current Science” journal. The BARC study confirmed that the buried course has links with the dry bed of the Ghaggar river in the northeast [ShriGanganagar district, Rajasthan] while in the south-west it met or cut across surviving courses of the Hakra and Nara rivers in Pakistan.

The BARC findings of potable water 30 to 60 m. below the ground, through ground morphological studies. After the Pokharan blasts on 11 May 1998, the Isotope Division of the BARC led by Dr. S.L. Rao took water samples from 800 deep wells within a radius of 250 kms. of Pokharan. Their findings showed there was no nuclear contamination of the ground-waters.

BARC came out with some remarkable findings. BARC found that the waters tested were potable. The waters were derived from Himalayan glaciers and importantly they were between 8000 to 14000 years old. And lastly as a unintended fallout of the Pokhran tests, BARC found that the waters were being slowly recharged through aquifers from somewhere in the north despite the fact that there was a record of very scanty rainfall in the semi-arid region of Marusthali.

Even former President Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam has expressed interest in the revival of this heritage river.

Sole efforts by Govt

In 2002, in the NDA government led by then Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Culture Minister Jagmohan announced excavation to trace the ancient course of the Saraswati and set up a team of four experts. “Marxist historians have fed us on a certain kind of history. One should not close options,” Jagmohan had commented. Later, Baldeo Sahai of ISRO, Ahmedabad, archaeologist S Kalyanraman, glaciaologist Y. K. Puri, and water consultant Madhav Chitle were teamed up to carry out the first phase of excavation from Adi Badri to Bhagwanpura in Haryana followed in second phase from Bhagwanpura to Kalibangan on Rajasthan border.

Will the Saraswati flow again?

Based on the evidence gathered through excavations, the archaeologists have concluded that between 7000 BC to 2500 BC an advanced civilization, Vedic in nature, was flourishing along Sarasvati and Indus rivers. When Sarasvati started drying up, the civilization moved towards west beyond Sindhu, east beyond Ganges and south beyond Godavari.

Dr. S. Kalyanaraman, director of the ‘Sarasvati Nadi Shodh Prakalp’ and author of a seven-volume encyclopedic study of the mighty Vedic river [in a journal of the Geological Society of India No.42, 1’999 PP 25-33] says that it was possible to travel on the Sarasvati river from the gulf of Khambat to Mathura via Lothal, Dholavira, Granweriwala, Kalibangan, Banawali, Paonta-Doon, Rakhigarhi and Indraprastha. Kalyanaraman is confident that the age old mythological river will flow again.

Similarly, Serious efforts are made to constitute a ‘Saraswati Development Authority’ for revival of the river Saraswati. The ‘Saraswati Nadi Shodh Sansthan’ is taking massive efforts to wake the governments and make the river Sarasvati to start flowing again, a reality.

In the Nadi-sukta , a hymn of praise of rivers, described in Rig veda refers ten rivers of India and identify the Saraswati river as the most important. In addition to the Rig Veda, the YajurVeda, Sama Veda, Atharva Veda, the Valmiki Ramayan, the Mahabharata, Puranas, the Brahmana texts, the Manusmrti, the Meghadootam and the Avesta texts consist references of the Saraswati river.

The existence of the mightiest Saraswati river and ancient Indian Vedic texts which were always negated by a sect of historians predominantly Communist and the Congress governments which were always relying on their judgments. The situation was and is that such scholars and all the Congress led Governments have always nullified the historical documentation elaborated in the ancient Hindu scriptures and texts.

Now that this Central government has come out of the shell of Communist historians and started to accept the pre- Jesus historic civilization on Earth; it is an promising sign for the nationhood persisting in India on the foundation of a very rich and ancient heritage of the Vedic Saraswat civilization.